Number 23 (2012)

Skarżyńska, K., Przybyła, K., Wójcik A.D., (2012). Group martyrdom: Psychological functions of beliefs about national victimhood

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Krystyna Skarżyńska
Instytut Psychologii Społecznej, Szko a Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej
Kamil Przybyła
Instytut Psychologii Społecznej, Szko a Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej
Adrian Dominik Wójcik
Wydzia Psychologii, Wyższa Szkoła Finansów i Zarządzania w Warszawie

Abstract:
The present research examines relations between sense of in-group’s collective victimhood and attitudes towards out-groups, entitlement attitudes and willingness to repair the in-group’s historical misdeeds towards an out-group. We propose that focusing on the in-group perpetual victimhood increases collective self-esteem. It also motivates individuals with low self-esteem (Baumeister, 1994, 2009) to accept collective victimhood beliefs. In two studies we tested hypothesis that in-group victimhood orientation: (1) compensates individual deficiencies of social capital; (2) justifies in-group’s entitlement attitudes and negative attitudes towards other groups; (3) delegitimizes out-group claims for compensation of historical harms. We also proposed that collective victimhood justifies in-group’s violence and decreases collective guilt for the in-group’s wrongdoings. More specifically we proposed that collective victimhood mediates the relation between social capital, entitlement attitudes and negative attitudes towards out-groups. Both studies used the Perpetual In-group Victimhood Orientation scale (PIVO) developed by Klar et. al (Klar, Roccas, Schori, Kahn, 2009) in order to measure the in-group collective victimhood acceptance. SEM models that were formulated supported our hypothesis.

Keywords: collective victimhood, collective narcissism, social capital, attitudes towards immigrants, attitudes towards European Union, attitudes towards Jews, collective guilt

Cite this article as:

 Skarżyńska, K., Przybyła, K., Wójcik A.D. (2012). Group martyrdom: Psychological functions of beliefs about national victimhood. Psychologia Społeczna, 23, 335–352.
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