Number 39 (2016)

Kofta, M., Soral, W., Kwiatkowska, Z., Kapusta, S., Mikołajczak, M. (2016). Preference of Traditional vs. Modern Role of a Women in the Society Scale: Construction and validation

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Mirosław Kofta1, Wiktor Soral2, Zuzanna Kwiatkowska1,
Sylwia Kapusta1, Małgorzata Mikołajczak1

1 Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw
2 Institute of Social Sciences, University of Warsaw

Abstract:
A new measure of preference for traditional vs. modern role of a woman in the society was developed with Polish female university students as participants. A 16-item scale was selected in a principal component analysis from the list of 65 normative statements describing desirable features of woman’s character and behavior. Eight items formed the traditional role sub-scale, the remaining items formed the modern role sub-scale. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a better fit of the two-dimensional (with separate sub-scales for the acceptance of the traditional vs. modern role) than the one-dimensional solution (one bi-polar scale). The new scale showed acceptable reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0,76 for the traditional role, and 0,74 for the modern role). As predicted, acceptance of the traditional role correlated strongly with traditional and benevolent sexism (the latter including, two additional dimensions: maternity and aesthetics). The modern role subscale appeared to be a reliable predictor (much better than the traditional role, with weak negative impact) of the acceptance of pro-choice statements, as well as of support for free access to contraceptives and sexual education. Overall, the new scale shows satisfactory reliability and seems to be a promising instrument for measuring the content of female social identity.
Keywords: traditional vs. modern woman’s role in society, traditional vs. modern sexism, ambivalent sexism

Cite this article as:

Kofta, M., Soral, W., Kwiatkowska, Z., Kapusta, S.,  Mikołajczak, M. (2016). Preference of Traditional vs. Modern Role of a Women in the Society Scale: Construction and validation. Psychologia Społeczna, 39, 474–488. doi: 10.7366/1896180020163907
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