Number 13 (2010)

Wojciszke, B., Szlendak, M. (2010). Scales Measuring Agency and Communion

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Bogdan Wojciszke
Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej, Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
Monika Szlendak
Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej, Wydział Psychologii

Abstract:
Based on the ideas of Bakan (1966) and Helgeson (2003) we devised Polish language scales measuring Agency (defined as focus on the self and own goals), Communion (focus on other people and interpersonal relations), Unmitigated Agency (excessive focus on the self with exclusion of communion), and Unmitigated Communion (excessive focus on others with exclusion of agency). We report three studies showing reliability and validity of the scales. Women show higher communion and unmitigated communion than men, while men show higher agency and unmitigated agency than women. All these differences are relatively small but they increase dramatically after unobtrusive priming masculinity in men and femininity in women.

Keywords: agentic orientation, communal orientation, unmitigated agency, unmitigated communion

Cite this article as:

Wojciszke, B., Szlendak, M. (2010). Scales Measuring Agency and Communion. Psychologia Społeczna, 13, 57–70.
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